Cannabis and Safety - at home, at work, and on the road

September 6th, 2018

Objective: To investigate how cannabis legalization may impact health and safety at home,at work, and on the road in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Methodology: Completion of literature searches, bibliographic searches, exploration of greyliterature, and jurisdictional analysis of states where legalization is already in effect.

Results: AT HOME Cannabis legalization led to an increase in unintentional pediatriccannabis exposures, pet cannabis exposures (particularly dogs), increased explosions andburns due to processing of cannabis concentrates, and fires from indoor grow operations.Recommendations are provided for proper storage, home cultivation, use at home, andharm reduction. AT WORK It is unclear as to the impact that legalization will have in theworkplace, as good quality studies are lacking and cannabis use is already prevalent.Recommendations are provided for substance use policies, preventing cannabis use, anddealing with medical cannabis in the workplace. ON THE ROAD Cannabis use affectscognitive functions necessary for driving. Driving after cannabis use is associated withincreased risk of motor vehicle accidents and culpability. Cannabis combined with alcoholleads to severe impairment and elevated risk of a motor vehicle accident.Recommendations are provided for wait times before driving after cannabis use.

Conclusions: Cannabis legalization will likely have at least some effect on safety at home, atwork, and on the road. However, cannabis is already being consumed by Canadians, and it isnot clear by what magnitude consumption will increase. More research is needed in manyareas, especially on the impact to workplace safety.

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Posted on September 6th, 2018