Anyone who is exposed to extreme cold or working in cold environments may be at risk of cold stress. In extreme cold weather conditions or in cold environments several additional potential hazards to consider. These include slippery roads and surfaces, as well as strong winds. In cold conditions, our bodies are forced to work harder to maintain our core temperature. Furthermore, as temperatures drop and wind speeds increase, our bodies lose heat more rapidly, especially when we are active. As such, this may result in serious health problems, which can cause illnesses, injuries and even fatalities. Therefore, understanding cold stress and what you can do to protect yourself, as well as your employees, from the cold is crucial in maintaining a safe work environment.